Trafficked minors are all the more vulnerable due to their age. Copyright © 2017 ResearchCyber.com. Trafficking in women is a global problem affecting large numbers of girls and women. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Unfortunately, in the past two or more decades this obnoxious trade and dehumanizing trade has resurfaced in a more dangerous and horrific manner vis a viz human trafficking otherwise known as modern day slavery. This study was conducted to determine the effects of human trafficking on household farm labor needs available among farming households. National Agency for Prohibition of Traffic In Persons and Other Related Matters (NAPTIP), Human trafficking is the trade of humans, most commonly for the purpose of forced labour, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others. In general, women and girls are more vulnerable to HIV and AIDs infection, thus trafficked girls and women are most at risk. All Rights Reserve, Causes and Effects of Human Trafficking in Nigeria. Although more than 90 percent of the girls and women trafficked from Nigeria are believed to come from the southern part of the country with Edo State leading ( with 90%) followed by Delta (5%) and the rest of the country trailing with 5%, human trafficking in the northern part of the country is believed to be growing. Trafficking in persons, especially women and girls has been on for long and is still going on. H 0 2: human trafficking does not have any effect on the economic growth of Nigeria. They are forced into heavy physical labor in hazardous environment. For the successful completion of the study the researcher formulate the following hypotheses; H0: human trafficking does not have any negative impact on the image of Nigeria in the committee of nation, H1: human trafficking does have a negative impact on the image of Nigeria in the committee of nation, H02: human trafficking does not have any effect on the economic growth of Nigeria, H2: human trafficking does have a significant effect on the economic growth of Nigeria, It is believed that at the completion of the study, the findings will be of great importance to NAPTIP (national agency for prohibition of traffic in person) as the study seeks to enumerate the dangers of human trafficking on the economic growth of Nigeria. This encouraged many youths to begin to emigrate from Nigeria in large number and, in most cases, to Europe, Asia and America. The global trade of ‘human goods’ seems to have attained a level comparable to those of the illicit trades in drugs and weapons. Download Undergraduate Projects Topics and Materials Accounting, Economics, Education Those who have large debts can easily become victims of slavery and exploitation. In the case of Nigeria specifically, the syndicates developed very strong and dependable network for effective organization, recruitment and movement of would-be trafficked persons from their local communities to North Africa across the perilous Sahara Desert. Ask us anything! In this world, there are two types of human trafficking: labor trafficking and sex trafficking. Findings indicate that trafficked women from Nigeria mainly go to Europe for prostitution, especially Italy, Spain, Belgium, France and the Netherlands. The slave trade refers to the transatlantic trading patterns which were established as early as the mid-17th century. H02:human trafficking does not have any effect on the economic growth of Nigeria . Therefore, in order to eliminate the problem of human trafficking from Nigeria, it is necessary to address the issues of poverty, unemployment, and illiteracy adequately. CHILD TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA: CAUSES, EFFECTS AND REMEDIES . H1:human trafficking does have a negative impact on the image of Nigeria in the committee of nation. It also includes the purchase, sale, transfer, receipt or harboring of young girls and women through deception for the purpose of subjecting the women and girls to involuntary servitude. Traffickers prey on others weaknesses, unfortunate circumstances, unfamiliarity, and inexperience. Regards! Indeed, women’s physical and mental well being is harmed by the isolation they suffer by being confined in closed apartments and the restriction of their movements. It followed that “no court, British or Native, may in any way whatever recognize the status of slavery in the Southern Provinces of Nigeria” (Lugard, 1919). c) FINANCE: The finance available for the research work does not allow for wider coverage as resources are very limited as the researcher has other academic bills to cover. The major reasons for the persistence of the ugly phenomenon of human trafficking in Nigeria include pervasive poverty in the society especially at the family level; the frightening problem of unemployment among the populace particularly the youths, and ignorance of the prospective victims of human trafficking about their fate in foreign countries. Nigerian women and girls, hoping to escape poverty at home, voluntarily migrate to Europe and America in response to job offers as domestic workers or waitresses. These include, firstly, harsh living conditions mostly characterized by poverty, unemployment, and a lack of opportunities in the country, secondly, the demand that exists in the rich countries of the West. There are also adverse … H2:human trafficking does have a significant effect on the economic growth of Nigeria . Dangers Of Drug Trafficking. The most worrying phenomenon at present is the increasing number of child trafficking in France. Research Cyber Team hopes this article was helpful. There seems to be agreement amongst both academic and practitioners’ administrators that at the center of all Nigeria’s problem is the problem of leadership (Bello-Imam and Robert, 1995:1-2). READ ALSO: Human trafficking in Nigeria – Facts As a result of unemployment, many Nigerian citizens struggle to keep their heads above water. This study focuses on the causes, effects and remedies of Child . The paper attempts to articulate the effects of the illicit business on Nigeria national image. Trafficked Nigerian women and children are recruited from rural areas within the country’s borders. In summary, the major causes behind the trafficking of women in Nigeria include widespread unemployment and poverty, a high level of illiteracy and ignorance, poor living standards as well as burdens of desperation of poor and illiterate parents with large families who are ignorant of the consequences of human trafficking. At least 100 million children worldwide live at least part of their time on streets and work in the urban informal sector (Quame, 2007). From our findings, poverty is the single most important factor responsible for the migration of Nigerian girls and women for prostitution abroad. The United States is the single most important consumer of hard drugs that pass through Nigeria. Many are also taught the use of weapons and are recruited as ‘soldiers’ in armed conflicts. The UN Trust Fund for Human Security to buttress the issue states that Trafficking in Persons separates families, erodes social bonds, and undermines the political, social, economic and cultural prospects of communities. Another factor behind the trafficking in women in Nigeria is the non-enforcement of legislation criminalizing the practice. Actually, in many rural Nigerian villages and even urban centers, it is common to find young women and girls who were sold into prostitution in Italy and elsewhere and who had contracted AIDS abandoned to their fate. Traffickers are trained to identify vulnerability and use expert manipulation tactics to persuade and control their victims. Though the Nigerian constitution prohibits the buying and selling of human beings for prostitution, the law has had little impact due to corruption. This study identifies the major causes of child trafficking that stand as a bottleneck in Nigeria. By 1960, when Nigeria secured her independence from Britain, slavery as a social institution or socio-cultural practice had virtually ceased to exist. It is lucrative and is linked with criminal activity and corruption, as it is often hidden and hard to address. The mass exodus of youths from Nigeria and, indeed, other Sub-Saharan African and Asian countries to the economically advanced nations of Europe and America encouraged the emergence of syndicates who devised methods for enticing would-be trafficked persons. The inhumane treatment meted out to these individuals gave rise to the abolition of slave trade and slavery. H2: human trafficking does have a significant effect on the economic growth of … Most traffickers recruit their victims between the ages of 6 to 24, because a young victim will easily succumb to force and give in. The problem of bad governance resulting from poor leadership in Nigeria comes to the force and it’s given credence by both historical and contemporaneous evidence. Human trafficking, especially of young girls and women into exploitative commercial and sexual labor, is gaining local, national and international attention from humanity across the globe. When Nigeria attained independence in 1960, there were very hopes of its potential for sustainable development perhaps the hopes were based on a robust, endowment of the nation, both in human and natural resources in the country. EFFECTS OF DRUGS TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA. This refers to the recruitment and transportation of women across national or international borders either voluntarily or involuntarily, for sexual or domestic purposes. Furthermore, trafficked persons are forced to have sex with multiple partners. According to Advocacy Project, Nigerian women make up 70 per cent of approximately 70,000 African victims of trafficking and about 70 percent of these Nigerian women end up in Italy. In this article, we identified the causes and consequences of human (women) trafficking from Nigeria to America and Europe. Often, women migrants who had no access to jobs often take to prostitution as an option. Your email address will not be published. It undermines the border integrity as millions of people are transported annually across national boundaries under false pretences where officials are corrupted and the state sovereignty is affected. Two main reasons are responsible for the prevalence of human trafficking in Nigeria. Under such circumstances, the victims are exploited as cheap labor in the restaurant trade or the sex industry through forced marriage and illegal adoption. Many trafficked persons have other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) due to forced and unsafe sexual activities. Strained International Relations Unfortunately, the dynamic of the country’s history has imposed on it a succession of leaders who ruled in such a way that sharply contradicts “good governance” It is pertinent to know that, our past and present leaders failed the nation. These merchants provided weapons and fueled crises between communities to increase the supply of slaves. Narcotic trafficking is one of the causes of insecurity in Nigeria. The main objective of the study is to ascertain the impact of human trafficking in Nigerian state, but for the successful completion of the study, the researcher intends to achieve the following sub-objective; i)   To ascertain the impact of human trafficking on the image on Nigeria, ii)  To investigate the role of unemployment in promoting human trafficking, iii)  To investigate the relationship between poverty and human trafficking, iv)  To ascertain the effect of human trafficking on the economic growth of the state. Of the over 70,000 African victims of women trafficking, Nigerian women account for 70 percent of those trafficked to Italy alone. Summary: From available statistics, an estimated 500,000 women are brought into the United States of America and Europe yearly for sexual and domestic exploitation and servitude. Due to unemployment in Nigeria, Nigerians seek to migrate to work in richer countries in order to improve their economic standing at home. Violence in commercial sex is common; especially where women or children are forced to have sex against their will. They begins to loose faith and confidence in a government that constitutionally promised the citizens “equality of right, obligations and opportunities before the law” and that “the security and welfare of the people shall be the primary purpose of the government” without providing access able and affordable health care and food, education, roads, shelter, employment and poverty etc. The negatives trends have had and continue to have system-wide effects in Nigeria, which ported uncertainly in the provision of these basic needs to the citizenry. H 2: human trafficking does have a significant effect on the economic growth of Nigeria. The major reasons for the persistence of the ugly phenomenon of human trafficking in Nigeria include pervasive poverty, unemployment, greed etc for the purpose of forced labour, domestic servitude, sexual exploitation, and rituals. In 1980s, however, when Nigeria’s economy witnessed serious decline as a result of oil glut, the country began to experience mass poverty manifested by increasing unemployment, soaring prices of essential goods and low wages. Most Nigerian victims of human trafficking pass through Niger, Mali, Tunisia, Morocco or Libya en route to Europe. The effects of drug trafficking and abuse on society and individuals include; Destroys lives and relationships Drug trafficking is a dangerous trade that ruins the lives of both traffickers and their families. By creating an environment of violence, crime and fear, criminal networks undermine the rule of law, weaken public safety and threaten the overall safety and development of a community. Nigerian gangs are one of the largest distributors of opium in the world. H02: human trafficking does not have any effect on the economic growth of Nigeria. There is also the more worrisome health impact of women trafficking. Human trafficking may seem like a distant problem, but we are unwittingly involved any time we buy something made by exploited labor, writes Jane Mosbacher Morris, former director of … The general factors that increase vulnerability to trafficking in Nigeria include extreme poverty (now the world’s poverty capital), corruption, conflict, climate change/resulting migration and western consumerism. The citizens’ perception of their benefit in the social exchange between then and government begins to wane and turn negative. H1: human trafficking does have a negative impact on the image of Nigeria in the committee of nation. Nigeria is a source, transit point and destination country for women and children subjected to trafficking in persons in which they are subjected to forced labour and prostitution. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Use this article as a guide for your own research paper (if properly cited). They identify a void and offer to fill it. Europe and Italy). I. Prior to the abolition of slave trade and slavery in the early 19th century, human beings were sold as commodities to merchants by kings and warriors in exchange for goods. They also ushered in a modern era of revolutionary ideas of liberty, freedom and equality among Nigerian people under the British colonial state. Trading ships would set sail from Europe with a cargo of manufactured goods to the west coast of Africa. This heightens the risk of contracting HIV by up to a factor of 10. The study will also be of great importance to the management of immigration study as the study seek to enumerate on the dangers of illegal movement of persons outside the shores of Nigeria. Major Reasons: The Dangers Of Human Trafficking In France 942 Words | 4 Pages. Unlike the trans-Atlantic slave trade where the European merchant come to Africa to take away the slaves, the new form of slavery involves traffickers taking away the victims not for the benefit of the receivers or the victims per say but for the benefit of the perpetrators. The suppression of trans-Atlantic slave trade in what later became Nigeria began with the British military expedition on Lagos territory and the subsequent declaration of the area British Crown colony in 1861. Required fields are marked *. Women traffickers in Nigeria are organized criminal rings involved in the smuggling (illegal transportation) of women across national borders to regional destinations (e.g. Many of those who are trafficked to Europe for prostitution have tended to be from Edo, and Delta States. Focus on Human Trafficking - Sisters from the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul and other sisters from different congregations in Nigeria are fighting human trafficking through advocacy and creating awareness to dissuade young girls and women from taking a dangerous route across the Mediterranean Sea to Europe, where they can be trafficked into prostitution or slavery. Bad governance in Nigeria has resulted to a high of corruption, lack of transparency, lack of accountability, total disregards to laws of the land, lack of respect for human lives. Women who have been trafficked face a range of dangers, including violence and sexual abuse. According to UNICEF, the consequences of women trafficking from Nigeria include loss of lives, increasing prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS, increase in violence and crime rate, increased school drop-out rates, impaired child development, poor national image and massive deportation of Nigerian girls and women. In the case of those trafficked for purposes of commercial sex work, their vulnerability is increased because trafficked persons are unable to insist upon condom use. Indeed, it became illegal and vexatious even to raise the issue in reference to an individual or group. In terms of numbers, the major victims are women and children who are forced into prostitution or forced labor. Unfortunately, contemporary evidence shows that these expectations have not materialized even after decades the nation independence one possible explanation is that the expectations become lost on alter of national economic difficulties and series of political failures due to bad governance being experienced at the different levels of government (Oromareghake and Akpotor, 2007:310). By this decree “every slave in the Southern Provinces was liberated”. However, for the purpose of this article, we shall dwell on women trafficking. ABSTRACT . Several studies indicate high levels of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in survivors. Findings indicate that some of the factors responsible for human trafficking in Nigeria include unemployment, poverty, and ignorance. Furthermore, human trafficking has far-reaching social, economic, health and political consequences. In reaction to these inclement conditions the people felt maligned and marginalized with consequent effects of being unpatriotic to the country. On August 31, 1916 the British colonial administration prohibited slavery in Southern Provinces by the enactment of a decree to that effect. b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study. The individual is exposed to the risk of sexually transmitted diseases and infections, and, worst-case scenario, death. Human trafficking has adverse effects on the individual and nations involved. … Therefore, there is the need to make efforts to address the root causes of the trafficking of women, which among others are poverty and unemployment. According to UNICEF, the consequences of women trafficking from Nigeria include loss of lives, increasing prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS, increase in violence and crime rate, increased school drop-out rates, impaired child development, poor national image and massive deportation of Nigerian girls and women. The major causes of child trafficking in Nigeria are as follows; broken homes, unemployed parents, poverty, and death of parents among others. Criminal groups are involved in the smuggling of illegal substances to Europe, Asia, South Africa, and North America. 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