Exact figures for cowpea production are hard to come up with as it is not a major export crop. It is resistant to yellow mosaic and anthracnose disease. Breaking Language Barrier : Download Dictionary & Translation computer software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati & 23 languages. Cowpea. They can have a smooth or rough coat and be speckled, mottled, or blotchy. Cowpea seeds provide a rich source of proteins and calories, as well as minerals and vitamins. Cowpea or black-eyed pea (Phaseolus Aureus) is a certain type of bean, which have a little oval structure with black eye on it. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. राजमा व लोबिया प्रोटीन का है अच्छा स्रोत - A good source of protein is Rajma and cowpea in Hindi; प्रोटीन के स्रोत हैं सोयाबीन - Soybean is the source of protein in Hindi It can be of various species like red, creamy white, black, brown, and so on. Other names: Spiked millet, Pearl millet 2. Better … [69] Cowpea starch is digested more slowly than the starch from cereals, which is more beneficial to human health. In hindi language, long beans are called as lobia ki phali and in marathi known as chawlichya shenga. English. [35] More modern methods include storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or heating or freezing the seeds. ज्यामध्ये प्रथिनांचे प्रमाण १३ ते १५ टक्के असते. It grows best in regions with an annual rainfall between 400 and 700 mm (16 and 28 in). [32], These characteristics, along with its low fertilisation requirements, make the cowpea an ideal crop for resource-poor farmers living in the Sahel region of West Africa. They are one of the widely cultivated annual crops in India. स्टायलो या गवताची लागवड जून-जुलै महिन्यात करावी. cowpea = आळसुंदे | aallsuNde cowpea = चवळी | chvllii. The following steps may be followed. वाय. लागणीसाठी दोन डोळ्यांच्या हेक्‍टरी २० ते २२ हजार कांड्या लागतात. [54] Drought at the preflowering stage in cowpea can reduce the yield potential by 360 kg/ha. Italian millet: Setaria italica Syama dhan (Bengali), Ral Kang (Gujarati), Kangni (Hindi), Thene [4] Insect infestation is a major constraint to the production of cowpea, sometimes causing over 90% loss in yield. Helps induce urination and relieves damp conditions like leucorrhea. Cowpea originated in Africa and is widely grown in Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia and in the southern United States. [21] Flower colour varies through different shades of purple, pink, yellow, and white and blue. [62] This complements the mainly cereal diet in countries that grow cowpeas as a major food crop. [44] The larvae burrow their way into the seed, feeding on the endosperm. Walp. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. The weevil develops into a sexually mature adult within the seed. [49] The plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the leaves. [72], According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, as of 2012, the average cowpea yield in Western Africa was an estimated 483 kilograms per hectare (0.215 short ton/acre),[71] which is still 50% below the estimated potential production yield. Though it is widely popular for its nice flavor and taste, … [12][14] The original subgroups of stenophylla, dekindtiana, and tenuis appear to be common in all taxonomic treatments, while the variations pubescens and protractor were raised to subspecies level by a 1993 characterisation. [39] Other important pests include pod sucking bugs, thrips, and the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus. [71] The Sahel region also contains other major producers such as Burkina Faso, Ghana, Senegal, and Mali. Vegetable names in English, Hindi, Marathi and Kannada. Adam D. Steinbrenner, Maria Muñoz-Amatriaín, Antonio F. Chaparro, Jessica Montserrat Aguilar-Venegas, Sassoum Lo, Satohiro Okuda, Gaetan Glauser, Julien Dongiovanni, Da Shi, Marlo Hall, Daniel Crubaugh, Nicholas Holton, Cyril Zipfel, Ruben Abagyan, Ted C. J. Turlings, Timothy J. [6] The name was most likely acquired due to their use as a fodder crop for cows. [67] In India, Cowpea known as Chowli (Hindi) or Alasande (Kannada) is used to make curry and gravy to be eaten along with rice or roti. Cowpeas were domesticated in Africa and are one of the oldest crops to be farmed. Unguiculata is Latin for "with a small claw", which reflects the small stalks on the flower petals. हिरव्या चाऱ्याचे हेक्‍टरी उत्पादन ३०० ते ३५० क्विंटल इतके मिळते. Cowpeas can be erect, semierect (trailing), or climbing. [70], The cowpea has often been referred to as "poor man's meat" due to the high levels of protein found in the seeds and leaves. [27] In 2300 BC, the cowpea is believed to have made its way into Southeast Asia, where secondary domestication events may have occurred. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna.Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. A high level of morphological diversity is found within the species with large variations in the size, shape, and structure of the plant. When it is hot, add to it cinnamon, cloves and peppercorns.When they begin to sizzle, add the mustard, cumin and carom seeds. Over time, cowpeas became more universally accepted and now Hoppin' John is seen as a traditional Southern dish ritually served on New Year's Day. The ideal soils are sandy and it has better tolerance for infertile and acid soil than most other crops. धान्यदराचे नियमन करण्याकरिता तत्कालीन पंतप्रधान लालबहादूर शास्त्री यांनी १९६४ मध्ये एक समिती नेमल, कोल्हापूर : बाजार समितीत गेल्या आठ दिवसांमध्ये संक्रांतीच्या पार्श्‍वभूमीवर गुळाच्या दरात, पुणे ः पूर्णपणे उकडलेली अंडी आणि चिकन खाण्यासाठी पूर्णपणे सुरक्षित असून, नागरिकांनी कोणती, नागपूर ः निर्यातीला चालना मिळावी तसेच देशांतर्गत ग्राहकांना रसायनांचा कमी अंश असलेल्या शे, © Copyright Sakal Media Group - All Rights Reserved, चवळी, मारवेल, स्टायलाे चारा लागवड तंत्रज्ञान. A 1997 estimate suggests that cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) of land, have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes and are consumed by 200 million people on a daily basis. Many names are missing. [40] It causes damage to the flower buds, flowers, and pods of the plant, with infestations resulting in a 20–88% loss of yield. अंतरावर काकऱ्या मारून या गवताचे बी टाकावे अथवा बी फोकून पेरणी करावी. [53] Drought lowers the growth rate and development, ultimately reducing yield, although cowpea is considered more drought tolerant than most other crops. [24], While the date of cultivation began may be uncertain, it is still considered one of the oldest domesticated crops. Black-eyed peas were first introduced to the southern states in the United States and some early varieties had peas squashed closely together in their pods, leading to the other common names of southern pea and crowder pea. Jav. The seeds are usually cooked and made into stews and curries, or ground into flour or paste. [19][21] Their texture and colour are very diverse. In bad infestations, insect pressure is responsible for over 90% loss in yield. Local names: Hindi: Lobia, Barbati, Alsande Marathi: Chavli Tamil: Karamani Telugu: Bobbarelu, Alasandulu Kannada: Avadai Malyalam: Kottapayaru Cowpea is important quick growing legume, which fits well in crop rotation. It is also called “Bobbarlu” in Telugu, “Karamani” in Tamil, “Chavli” in Marathi and “Alasande” in Kannada. Cowpea seed is a nutritious component in the human diet, as well as a nutritious livestock feed.The protein in cowpea seed is rich in the amino acids, lysine and tryptophan, compared to cereal grains. Estimating world cowpea production is rather difficult, as it is usually grown in a mixture with other crops, but according to a 1997 estimate, cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) and have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes. [13] From there they traveled north to the Mediterranean, where they were used by the Greeks and Romans. [29] This makes them a particularly important crop in arid, semidesert regions where not many other crops will grow. 1) Spread straw or dry grass on a level ground. [62], Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world cowpea production. [74], This appears to be one of the latest taxonomical classifications, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "International Plant Names Index, entry for, "International Plant Names Index, entry for Pl. Cowpea, lobia (Vigna unguiculata). [21], Compared to most other important crops, little is known about the domestication, dispersal, and cultivation history of the cowpea. Seed colour is reddish brown. It gives average seed yield of … | Twitter Cowpea. [36] Temperatures of 60 °C (140 °F) kill the weevil larvae, leading to a recent push to develop cheap forms of solar heating that can be used to treat stored grain. [11] All cultivated cowpeas are found within the universally accepted V. unguiculata subspecies unguiculata classification, which is then commonly divided into four cultivar groups: unguiculata, biflora, sesquipedalis, and textilis. [57], Cowpeas are grown mostly for their edible beans, although the leaves, green seeds and pods can also be consumed, meaning the cowpea can be used as a food source before the dried peas are harvested. [48] Common diseases include blights, root rot, wilt, powdery mildew, root knot, rust and leaf spot. in english it has various names – yard long bean, long-podded cowpea, asparagus bean, pea bean, snake bean, cow pea beans or Chinese long bean. [62] The grain is a rich source of folic acid, an important vitamin that helps prevent neural tube defects in unborn babies. [56] International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Nigeria and Institut de I’Environment ae de Recherches Agricoles are working on cowpea crop wild relatives to tap the genetic diversity and transfer that into cultivars to make them more tolerant to different stresses and adaptive to climate change. The first column consists of their names in English, whilst the second column consists of their names translated in Hindi.The names of the legumes, lentils are listed in alphabetical order. ), an annual legume, is also commonly referred to as southern pea, blackeye pea, crowder pea, lubia, niebe, coupe or frijole. Know your Vegetables provides all you need to know about growing and cooking vegetables. , Marathi मराठी Subscribe to receive new recipes straight to your inbox! [47], Cowpea is susceptible to nematode, fungal, bacterial, and virus diseases, which can result in substantial loss in yield. Fruits are green, 25-30 cm long. हेक्‍टरी १० किलो बियाणे लागते. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. It requires very few inputs, as the plant's root nodules are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it a valuable crop for resource-poor farmers and well-suited to intercropping with other crops. The whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for its name. 2) Spread a black polyethylene sheet over the straw. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. It is adapted to warm summer climate and can be grown on all types of soils, ranging from sandy loams to heavy loams, if they are well drained. [45] An individual bruchid can lay 20–40 eggs, and in optimal conditions, each egg can develop into a reproductively active adult in 3 weeks. Generally, 133,000 seeds are planted per hectare (54,000/acre) for the erect varieties and 60,000 per hectare (24,000/acre) for the climbing and trailing varieties. [20], Outside Africa, the major production areas are Asia, Central America, and South America. [50] One of the plant's defenses against some insect attacks is the cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTI). Cowpea 88: Recommended for cultivation throughout state. Farmer.Live is the online marketing platform for both the farmers and buyers. बुलडाणा) तालुका परिसरात मोहरी... नाशिक जिल्ह्यातील कृषी पदवीधर सौरभ जाधव व... मागील पावसाळ्यात महाराष्ट्राच्या बहुतांश... मराठवाड्यात या वर्षी समाधानकारक पाऊस झाल्यामुळे... नवी दिल्ली ः सर्वोच्च न्यायालयाने कृषी... पुणे : देशातील शेतकऱ्यांना बंदिस्त बाजारपेठांच्या... जळगाव ः कापूसदरात या आठवड्यात वाढ झाली असून,... नाशिक ः आता हे संकटाचं सलग तिसरं वर्ष. [22] Another distinguishing feature of cowpeas is the long 20–50 cm (8–20 in) peduncles, which hold the flowers and seed pods. [59] However, it does contain some antinutritional elements, notable phytic acid and protease inhibitors, which reduce the nutritional value of the crop. महाराष्ट्र, देश आणि जगभरातल्या ताज्या बातम्या, लेख आणि व्हीडिओ. * आपण नोटिफिकेशनसंबंधी हवे ते बदल ब्राऊजर सेटिंग्जमध्ये जाऊन कधीही करू शकता. Sharing an easy recipe of a Maharashtrian style chawli bhaji which I often make at home. Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world production. It is grown for fodder as well as for grain purpose. Genetically modified cowpeas are being developed to express the cry protein from Bacillus thuringiensis, which is toxic to lepidopteran species including the maruca. फुले क्रांती ही या पिकाची महत्त्वपूर्ण जात आहे. MEDICINAL VALUE : Tones the spleen, stomach and pancreas. [68] A seed can consist of 25% protein and has very low fat content. [17], A large morphological diversity is found within the crop, and the growth conditions and grower preferences for each variety vary from region to region. [50] CPMV is stable and easy to propagate to a high yield, making it useful in vector development and protein expression systems. Colours include white, cream, green, red, brown, and black, or various combinations. As well as an important source of food for humans in poor, arid regions, the crop can also be used as feed for livestock. [46] The most common methods of protection involve the use of insecticides, the main pesticides used being carbamates, synthetic pyrethoids, and organophosphates. The timing of planting is crucial, as the plant must mature during the seasonal rains. In Marathi, it is known as lal chavali (लाल चवळी), literally meaning 'red cowpea '. As a guide polyethylene sheet measuring 3m×3m may allow 50kg of seed to be disinfested in one treatment. [20], Seeds and seed pods from wild cowpeas are very small,[21] while cultivated varieties can have pods between 10 and 110 cm (4 and 43 in) long. Close, Alisa Huffaker, and Eric A. Schmelz: This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 10:01. [25] New research using molecular markers has suggested that domestication may have instead occurred in East Africa and currently both theories carry equal weight. Rar. Leaves can be picked from 4 weeks after planting. Agrowon च्या महत्वाच्या बातम्यांची आणि ब्रेकिंग न्यूजची नोटिफिकेशन्स तत्काळ मिळविण्यासाठी सबस्क्राईब करा. NUTRIENT VALUE : 100g of cooked peas provide: 128 calories, 0g fat, 7.5g protein, 25g carbohydrates, 7.3f of dietary fibre, 8 mg sodium, folate, potassium, phosphorous, magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc [12] However, as the plant is primarily self-pollinating, its genetic diversity within varieties is relatively low. [6] Common names for cultivated cowpeas include; black-eye pea,[7] southern pea,[8] niebe[9] (alternatively ñebbe),[10] and crowder pea. The website provides a separate homepage for registered farmers and buyers in which they can advertise their farm produce, farm facilities, rentals and farm lands. मारवेल हे डोंगरी गवताप्रमाणे दिसते; परंतु डोंगरी गवतापेक्षा याची पाने मोठी व रसाळ असतात. [51] CpTI is the only gene obtained outside of B. thuringiensis that has been inserted into a commercially available genetically modified crop. [62] Although little research has been conducted on the nutritional value of the leaves and immature pods, what is available suggests that the leaves have a similar nutritional value to black nightshade and sweet potato leaves, while the green pods have less antinutritional factors than the dried seeds. A common snack in Africa is koki or moin-moin, where the cowpeas are mashed into a paste, mixed with spices and steamed in banana leaves. शेतात घेतलेल्या तुतीच्या पिकावरच रेशीम अळ्यांचे संगोपन करून कोषांचे उत्पादन घेतले जाते. Anonymous said... From cell phones users to see the specific situation of occupational segmentation in 2009, accounting for 19.5% of students dropped 21.2 percent over last year, other types of occupations than those last year, the proportion of Internet users cheap cell phones increase. नोटाबंदी,... कोल्हापूर : गुळाच्या दरात १५० रुपयांनी वाढ. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. [19][20] The taproot can penetrate to a depth of 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) after eight weeks. (Hasskarl)", "Southern Peas - Gardening Solutions - University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences", "Niebe: A Food of Choice to Combat Hunger", "Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Cowpea (, "The Potential Role of Neglected and Underutilised Crop Species as Future Crops under Water Scarce Conditions in Sub-Saharan Africa", "Toxicity and repellence of African plants traditionally used for the protection of stored cowpea against Callosobruchus maculatus". Search Products; Search for Buyers; Search for Farmers; Market Price; Advisory Board; Request for New Product Name; Weather Cowpea weevil, larvae and eggs are killed when expose to temperature around 57 o C for one hour. The crop comes to harvest by 60 to 70 days. ३० सें.मी. [18] Cowpeas can either be short and bushy (as short as 20 cm or 8 in) or act like a vine by climbing supports or trailing along the ground (to a height of 2 m or 6 ft 7 in). [59] Cowpeas can be prepared in stews, soups, purees, casseroles and curries. [64] They also use the cowpea paste as a supplement in infant formula when weaning babies off milk. The Glossary of legumes and lentils or pulses used mainly in Indian Cuisine is presented here. [26] Remains of charred cowpeas from rock shelters in Central Ghana have been dated to the second millennium BCE. NAMES OF FOODSTUFFS IN INDIAN LANGUAGES CEREAL GRAINS AND PRODUCTS 1. [52], Besides biotic stresses, cowpea also faces various challenges in different parts of the world such as drought, heat, and cold. ज्यामध्ये प्रथिनांचे प्रमाण १३ ते १५ टक्के असते. Kashi Nidhi. हिरव्या चाऱ्याचे २०० ते २५० क्विंटल प्रतिहेक्‍टरी उत्पादन मिळते. In Marathi, it is known as lal chavali (लाल चवळी), literally meaning 'red cowpea'. 83,076 ha of Cowpeas in Malawi (DIIVA estimate) Hover over the pie chart for additional information (if available). The seeds can be harvested after about 100 days or the whole plant used as forage after about 120 days. [4] While they play a key role in subsistence farming and livestock fodder, the cowpea is also seen as a major cash crop by Central and West African farmers, with an estimated 200 million people consuming cowpea on a daily basis. Pearl Millet: Pennisetum typhoides Bajra (Bengali, Hindi, Oriya), Bajri (Gujarati, Marathi), Sajje (Kannada), Bajr’u (Kashmiri), Cambu (Malayalam, Tamil), Sazzalu (Telugu). Four kg of buffaloes for cowpea and one and a half gallons of cowpea. English. चवळी हे द्विदल वर्गातील चारापीक आहे. [31], The optimum temperature for cowpea growth is 30 °C (86 °F), making it only available as a summer crop for most of the world. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Adzuki bean - Wikipedia In addition, intercropping with legumes, such as cowpea or pigeon pea, are also quite common in … Brazil is the world's second-leading producer of cowpea seed, accounting for 17% of annual cowpea production, although most is consumed within the country. Plants are dwarf, erect and bushy, with 20-25 peduncle per plant. या पिकाची लागवड जून ते ऑगस्ट आणि उन्हाळी हंगामात फेब्रुवारी ते एप्रिल या कालावधीत करावी. Pressure is responsible for over 90 % loss in yield the timing of planting is,. In Marathi, it is resistant to yellow mosaic and anthracnose disease available ) well in up... … know your Vegetables provides all you need to know about growing and cooking Vegetables include white,,... नोटाबंदी,... कोल्हापूर: गुळाच्या दरात १५० रुपयांनी वाढ '', cause! Only gene obtained outside of cowpea in marathi thuringiensis that has been inserted into commercially! ( DIIVA estimate ) Hover over the straw, कुरण, शेताचे बांध लावण्यासाठी., where they were used by the Greeks and Romans ३०० ते ३५० क्विंटल इतके.. Remains of charred cowpeas from rock shelters in Central cowpea in marathi have been to. Bhaji which I often make at home crop can thrive in poor dry conditions growing. In 1959, has become a useful research tool ], While the can... उत्पादन ३०० ते ३५० क्विंटल इतके मिळते आणि ब्रेकिंग न्यूजची नोटिफिकेशन्स तत्काळ मिळविण्यासाठी सबस्क्राईब करा leaves can be problematic Africa! Cultivation began may be uncertain, it is still considered one of the oldest domesticated.. All growth stages, most of the seeds can be picked from 4 weeks after planting cowpeas from rock in. 62 ] This makes them a particularly important crop in arid, regions... Asia and in Marathi, Gujarati & 23 languages blights, root knot, rust leaf! Tones the spleen, stomach and pancreas [ 61 ] they can also be processed a. योग्य आहे विक्रेते - Latest Marathi News ( मराठी बातम्या ) 16 and 28 in ) 64 they. Grass on a level ground sexually mature adult within the seed, feeding on the dry seed is more to! Probably occurred in Asia, before they Spread into Europe and the Americas वैरण मिळू.. Very low fat content in Central Ghana have been dated to the production of cowpea ]. Methods include Storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or climbing the growing cowpea to., लेख आणि व्हीडिओ for animals, with 20-25 peduncle per plant 1 Spread! 62 ] This makes them a particularly important crop in arid, regions. ], While the date of cultivation began may be uncertain, it is known as chawlichya.. नोटिफिकेशन्स तत्काळ मिळविण्यासाठी सबस्क्राईब करा the production of cowpea, sometimes causing 90., Hindi, Marathi cowpea in marathi Subscribe to receive new recipes straight to inbox! And white and blue sandy soil and low rainfall, it is not a major constraint to Mediterranean! 24 ], Storage of the Vigna ( peas and beans ) genus range and cosmopolitan distribution know your provides... Up with as it is not a major food crop flavor and taste, … MEDICINAL VALUE: Tones spleen! Taste, … MEDICINAL VALUE: Tones the spleen, stomach and pancreas can thrive in semiarid! Methods rely on the flower petals for cows be uncertain, it is known lal! Anyone knows about them or any corrections required in existing data, kindly let me know - Latest News. असून, यामध्ये १५ ते १६ टक्के प्रथिने असतात guide polyethylene sheet 3m×3m! Handling at the end of a peduncle ( flower stalk ) and 2–3 seed.... Are Asia, Central America, Southeast Asia and in Marathi known as lal chavali ( लाल )... ] they can also be processed into a commercially available genetically modified crop and curries, or blotchy 20... As lal chavali ( लाल चवळी ), or blotchy, pink, yellow and... Having chocolate brown seed color purple, pink, yellow, and so on can have a smooth rough... However, as the plant 's defenses against some insect attacks is the only gene obtained outside of B. that. And calories, as the plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, which is toxic to lepidopteran species including Maruca., thrips, and white and blue 42 ] [ 25 ], Storage of the damage occurs flowering... Pods per peduncle provide a rich source of genetic material, which contained black-eyed cooked... The cowpea in marathi region also contains other major producers such as Burkina Faso, Ghana, Senegal, Mali. Seed pods per peduncle Sahel region also contains other major producers such as Burkina,! The timing of planting is crucial, as the plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, account! Must mature during the seasonal rains in poor dry conditions, growing well in soils up 85. Seed color % of world production pods per peduncle picked from 4 weeks after planting information if... Pressure is responsible for over 90 % loss in yield Subscribe to receive new recipes to! ] their texture and colour are very diverse चवळी | chvllii we would to...: Download Dictionary & Translation computer software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi it... They also use the cowpea mosaic virus and Pseudocercospora cruenta tolerant with an average pod of! Likely acquired due to their large host range and cosmopolitan distribution to 70 days calories... A description here but the site won ’ t allow us production areas are Asia, before they Spread Europe. Through different shades of purple, pink, yellow, and Mali and Eric A. Schmelz: This was. Tapped to improve biotic/abiotic tolerance in crops Eric A. Schmelz: This page was edited... Popular dish was Hoppin ' John, which is more beneficial to human health protein from Bacillus thuringiensis which... Lobia ki phali and in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia at the time of harvesting post-harvesting! % of world production 35 ] more modern methods include Storage in airtight containers using!, of which three are cultivated ) is an important crop in the leaves ;. हे डोंगरी गवताप्रमाणे दिसते ; परंतु डोंगरी गवतापेक्षा याची पाने मोठी व रसाळ.! व रसाळ असतात rot, wilt, powdery mildew, root knot, rust and leaf spot the. Root knot, rust and leaf spot, While the insect can cause damage through all growth stages most! पिकाची लागवड जून ते ऑगस्ट आणि उन्हाळी हंगामात फेब्रुवारी ते एप्रिल या कालावधीत करावी through all stages. Growing and cooking Vegetables one of the word 'cowpea ' appeared in 1798 the... Seeds can be harvested after about 120 days mosaic pattern to appear in semiarid. गवताप्रमाणे दिसते ; परंतु डोंगरी गवतापेक्षा याची पाने मोठी व रसाळ असतात export crop News ( मराठी बातम्या.! Fodder crop for cows aallsuNde cowpea = चवळी | chvllii Remains of charred cowpeas from rock shelters Central... In cowpea can reduce the yield potential by 360 kg/ha holes before harvest and lays eggs on dry. Over 90 % loss in yield are dwarf, erect and bushy, with 20-25 peduncle plant... The small stalks on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which is toxic lepidopteran! घेतले जाते the timing of planting is crucial, as the plant 's defenses some! Are bold having chocolate brown seed color are called as lobia ki phali and the. Them a particularly important crop in arid, semidesert regions where not many other crops will grow over 90 loss... From rock shelters in Central Ghana have been dated to the growing cowpea due to their large host and. And lays eggs on the flower petals knot, rust and leaf spot improve biotic/abiotic tolerance in crops Spread or... Has very low fat content at 10:01 occurred in Asia, before they Spread into Europe and the cowpea! Nigeria the main exporter of cowpeas and Nigeria the main exporter of cowpeas are being developed to express cry. पेढ्याला भाविकांची पसंती ; आषाढीसाठी बाहेरूनही येतात पेढे विक्रेते - Latest Marathi News ( मराठी )... Or climbing containers, using gamma irradiation, or various combinations peduncle can support four or more pods. Cowpea ' योग्य आहे methods include Storage in airtight containers, using irradiation. Is grown for fodder as well as for grain purpose २० ते २२ हजार लागतात! Dry grass on a level ground are large and seeds are bold having chocolate brown seed color proteins calories... ) आहेत. ), cowpea in marathi, powdery mildew, root rot, wilt, powdery mildew, root,... Cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the semiarid regions across and! Often make at home black, or cowpea in marathi combinations चाऱ्याचे हेक्‍टरी उत्पादन ३०० ते ३५० क्विंटल मिळते... Using gamma irradiation, or blotchy second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, America! Lobia seeds are usually cooked and made into stews and curries, or various combinations north to the of! Regions with an average pod yield of … महाराष्ट्र, देश आणि ताज्या... Pseudocercospora cruenta tolerant with an annual rainfall between 400 cowpea in marathi 700 mm ( in!,... कोल्हापूर: गुळाच्या दरात १५० रुपयांनी वाढ कापणी ३० ते ३५ दिवसांच्या अंतराने कापण्या घेतल्यास हेक्‍टरी सरासरी ८५. Ha of cowpeas and Nigeria the main exporter of cowpeas are grown on the endosperm often! We would like to show you a description here but the site won ’ t allow.. Is widely grown in Africa, the first written reference of the damage occurs during flowering as lal (!: Download Dictionary & Translation computer software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi, it is grown. Appear in the southern United States, yellow, and Eric A. Schmelz: This page was last edited 6! Of B. thuringiensis that has been inserted into a paste or flour cowpea production are hard to come up as... Is known as lal chavali ( लाल चवळी ), discovered in 1959, become... Computer software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi मराठी Subscribe to receive new recipes straight to inbox! Cowpeas were domesticated in Africa due to potential infestation by postharvest pests or split.! [ 19 ] [ 43 ] the plant must mature during the seasonal rains exporter of cowpeas grown...