long (5 cm), are dark green and shiny above with pale undersides, and arranged alternately on the stems. Tree Characteristics. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. The cherries are edible but have very little flesh. Reliable evergreen landscape plant. [3][9], The plant is prized for cultivation, showy and easily grown from seed, and has been cultivated for centuries as a food source, and tolerates twice yearly pruning when often used as a hedge. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory ... , hollyleaf cherry is often cultivated as an ornamental hedge [7,8]. A Prunus ilicifolia subsp. It measures 43 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 115 inches and a crown spread of 45 feet. The purple to black fruit is sweet, with a very thin pulp around a large single stone (drupe). It grows up to 30′ tall, with thick, alternate, 1 … Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. An evergreen shrub of compact habit; branchlets glabrous. The fruits can be dried for storage or eaten raw . Stored seeds benefit from 1-3 months stratification. Prunus ilicifolia Hollyleaf Cherry. [17] In the absence of fire, P. ilicifolia will outlive or outshade surrounding vegetation, making room for seedlings. Juicy and sweet-tasting, the berries are readily devoured by songbirds. Grows 15 to 25 feet and spreads 10 to 15 feet wide. A Prunus ilicifolia in Sacramento is registered as a California Big Tree. Collecting and propagating the seeds of California wild plants. in Hawaii. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. Thrives in full sun and has low water requirements. Habit: Shrub, tree. Gudde (1946). (1937). Walp. Seeds are now available at our seed store. [16] It is also a larval host to the California hairstreak, Lorquin's admiral, Nevada buckmoth, and tiger swallowtail.[20]. Propagate by seed, semi-hardwood cuttings, softwood cuttings. Named after California’s first State Forester, William Lyon, Prunus ilicifolia lyonii is summer dry/drought tolerant and tolerant of coastal and seaside conditions. Hedging/Screens, Flavouring food and drinks, Drought Tolerant, Banks and Slopes, Low Maintenance, Planted in groups, Specimen tree, Wildlife. [3] Some also cracked the dried cherries and made meal from the seeds after grinding and leaching them. Excellent wildlife value. Select Page. Description. [3] This is the only species of the genus Prunus native to the Santa Monica Mountains that divide the Los Angeles basin from the San Fernando Valley, California. It grows 8 to 30 feet (240–900 cm) tall, with thick, alternate leaves 1 to 2 inches (2.5-5.0 cm) in length. Cold hardy to 20° F, Catalina Cherry grows 15-20’ tall and wide and makes a good screen plant. The thick, evergreen, spiny-toothed leaves, 2 in. Grows up to 10-30 ft. tall (300-900 cm) and 10-25 ft. wide (300-750 cm). ilicifolia - found on the mainland, leaf blade often wavy, margin generally spiny, fruit 12-18 mm, generally red. lyonii (Catalina Cherry) - A tightly branched large evergreen shrub or small tree that in cultivation it is often seen growing to 12- 25 feet but is able to attain 40 feet in habitat and older large tree-like specimens are often encountered in gardens. Leaf: simple, alternate or clustered on short-shoots, entire to serrate, generally glabrous, generally glandular on teeth and at blade-petiole junction, veins pinnate; stipules deciduous. 1973. ilicifolia. Native to Coastal Southern California, Prunus ilicifolia (Hollyleaf Cherry) is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a dense canopy of stout, spreading branches clothed with holly-like leaves. Can be trained into a small tree. by | Dec 15, 2020 | Uncategorized | 0 comments | Dec 15, 2020 | Uncategorized | 0 comments The leaves are dark green when mature and generally shiny on top, and have a smell resembling almonds when crushed; these are poisonous to eat, but not to handle. Medium growing upright evergreen shurb. Seed Availability. Native Americans fermented the fruit into an intoxicating drink. Hardy to about 34 degrees F. White flowers bloom in the spring. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Prunus - Flowering Trees, An Elegant Summer Garden Idea with Hydrangea, Rose and Astilbe, Cherry Blossoms and Camassia for my Spring Garden, Brilliant Cherry Blossoms for my Spring Garden, A Lovely Spring Border Idea with Japanese Maples and Flowering Cherry Trees, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, Fragrant, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries. [3], It is an evergreen shrub[3] or small tree approaching 15 meters (50 feet) in height,[10] with dense, hard leaves[3] (sclerophyllous foliage). Walp. [3] Bees are attracted to it. The Catalina cherry is an evergreen tree or shrub that grows 15'-40' high and wide. Fire Effects Information Service, USDA Forest Service: E.G. Rodents and other small mammals eat the seeds. Compact and Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. lyonii (Catalina cherry) will reach a height of 10.5m and a spread of 9m after 20-50 years. Family: Rosaceae. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Often used for background or screen plantings. Prunus ilicifolia Taxonomy ID: 23206 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid23206) current name [4][6] as well as the desert chaparral areas of the Mojave desert. Prunus ilicifolia (Common names: hollyleaf cherry, evergreen cherry; islay - Salinan Native American) It is native to the chaparral areas of coastal California (from Mendocino County to San Diego County), Baja California, and Baja California Sur.